Aquaculture is the controlled, systematized production of aquatic animals and plants, more generally known as seafood farming. Aquaculture is practiced for numerous reasons, including to produce seafood for human consumption, to enhance wildlife, restore endangered aquatic species and habitats and to provide fish for aquariums. Aquacultural studies focus primarily on the biological adaptation of domesticated aquatic organisms, including their reproductive habits, requirements of eggs and larvae, adaptability to crowded conditions and feeding habits. Aquaculture as an industry has recently grown in popularity due to increasing concerns over destructive fishing practices that are detrimental to delicate habitats in the wild.
Aquaculture Journals and Publications
Aquaculture is an international journal for freshwater and marine researchers interested in the exploration, improvement and management of all aquatic food resources.
Aquaculture North America is a trade newspaper for aquaculture industry professionals in North America.
Aquaculture Research lists and provides its articles online for readers
Transactions of the American Fisheries Society is an international journal of the American Fisheries Society.
North American Journal of Fisheries Management presents and discusses issues surrounding business in aquaculture
The Journal of Aquatic Animal Health is a quarterly, international journal publishing original research on diseases affecting aquatic life, including effects, treatments, and prevention.
Fisheries is a monthly magazine of the American Fisheries Society.
Marine and Coastal Fisheries is a journal that focuses on marine, coastal and estuarine fisheries.
Aquaculture Associations and Organizations
The Office of Aquaculture’s mission is to foster marine aquaculture that creates employment and business opportunities in coastal communities, provide safe, sustainable seafood and support healthy ocean populations and ecosystems.
The United States Department of Agriculture provides a wealth of resources on aquaculture, including data and statistics, market trends and links to research programs.
The National Aquaculture Association seeks o provide a unified national voice for aquaculture that ensures its sustainability, protects its profitability, and encourages its development in an environmentally responsible manner.
The Global Aquaculture Alliance, a non-profit trade association is dedicated to advancing environmentally and socially responsible aquaculture.
The Fisheries and Aquaculture Department of the United Nations is a great resource for information about and pertaining to aquaculture.
The Aquaculture Collaborative Research Support Program’s mission is to enrich livelihoods and promote health by cultivating international multidisciplinary partnerships that advance science, research, education, and outreach in aquatic resources.
The Atlantic Marine Aquaculture Center is a partnership of the University of New Hampshire and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
The Best Aquaculture Practices’s mission is to help educate the aquaculture public regarding the benefits of applying Best Aquaculture Practices and the advancing scientific technology that directs them.
World Wildlife Federation provides lots of learning material about aquaculture
Aquaculture Hub is an interactive aquaculture community site.
Fisheries Technology Associates lists lots of resources about aquaculture including facts, figures and databases.
PBS considers the pros and consof aquaculture.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration answers questions about aquaculture.
Read an analysis of the environmental impact of the world’s major aquaculture production systems and species was released by WorldFish Center and Conservation International.
Access an article concerning aquiculture impacts on the environment.
History of Aquaculture
Learn about the history of aquaculture up to current practices from howstuffworks.
Read a paper on the “History, Status, and Future of Aquaculture in the United States.”
Briefly learn about the history of aquaculture in the state of Missouri.
Learn about the ancient practices of aquaculture and watch a video on contemporary aquaculture practices.
Read about aquacultural history with the World Clean Water Campaign.
Understand aquacultural traditions from a Greek perspective with the Federation of Greek Maricultures.
Learn about the history of aquaculture in Norway.
Consider reading The History of Aquaculture, a book by Colin Nash.